Editor’s Note: Thank You, School Psyched, Your School Psychologist for sharing!
[Source: Harvard Graduate School School of Education]
Children who thrive despite hardship usually have both a biological resistance to adversity and strong relationships with at least one adult in their family or community. Resilience is the result of the interplay of protective factors — of the interaction between biology and environment.
Resilience seems to derive from four common factors:
- supportive adult-child relationships;
- a sense of self-efficacy and perceived control;
- opportunities to strengthen adaptive skills and self-regulatory capacities; and
- mobilizing sources of faith, hope, and cultural traditions.
Learning to cope with manageable threats is critical for the development of resilience. Not all stress is harmful. There are numerous opportunities in every child’s life to experience manageable stress — and with the help of supportive adults, this “positive stress” can be growth-promoting.