Even Infants Need Mental Health Care

[Source:  Medical X-Press]

In and around Chicago’s Little Village neighborhood, long-standing causes of friction like gun violence and poverty have for some families combined with newer fears of immigration crackdowns and deportation of loved ones—and mental health professionals hope to address toxic stress that can have long-term effects on the lives of very young children.

Aiming to rectify the shortage of mental health care available to infants and children younger than 5 in Little Village and Lawndale, the Erikson Institute, an early childhood graduate school, has opened a new clinic there, its first free-standing health center outside its River North

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Autism Act Clears Senate

[Source: Disability Scoop]

A bill that includes more than $1.8 billion for federal efforts to address the needs of people with autism is headed to President Donald Trump.

The U.S. Senate unanimously approved the Autism Collaboration, Accountability, Research, Education and Support, or Autism CARES, Act, on Thursday.

The measure, H.R. 1058, ensures funding for research, prevalence tracking, screening, professional training and other government activities related to autism. It renews an existing federal law that originated in 2006 for another five years.

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New Study on Sharing Shows Social Norms Play a Role in Decision Making

[Source:  Science Daily]

A child’s desire to share becomes influenced by social norms around the age of 8, new research has revealed. The extensive study — conducted on eight diverse societies across the world — examined children and adults’ behavior when asked to respond to a set of specific sharing tasks.

Researchers led by Dr Bailey House from the University of York’s Department of Psychology established the sharing patterns of adults in the eight societies, and then worked with children from the same communities to determine how they would split a set of rewards in an experimental sharing task.

Children were given a choice between two options: a generous option which delivered one reward to them and one reward to a stranger. The selfish option delivered both rewards to the child.

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Baby Brain Scans Made Available Online to Advance Research

[Source:  Medical X-Press]

The Developing Human Connectome Project (dHCP) has published ground-breaking MR brain scans of over 500 newborn babies, which researchers from all over the world can download and use to study how the human brain develops.

A collaboration between King’s College London, Imperial College London and the University of Oxford, the images are the first large-scale data release of this project, which will uncover how the wiring and function of the brain develops during pregnancy and after birth.

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Scientists Reveal Early Behaviors That Best Predict Child’s Language Ability

[Source: Medical X-Press]

How often babies babble while making eye contact is the best predictor of how many words they will use as a toddler, a new study by the University of Sheffield has found.

Announced at the British Science Festival, the research found that the frequency with which 11-12 month olds vocalized whilst looking at their caregivers’ face was a valuable predictor of their later vocabulary and suggested they were deliberately trying to communicate.

The research also looked at how caregivers respond to these early infant vocalizations, gestures and gazes, with experts testing which combination of actions best predict a child’s language development.

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