Brain Dissociates Emotional Response From Explicit Memory in Fearful Situations

[Source:  Science]


Researchers at the Cognition and Brain Plasticity group of the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL) and the University of Barcelona have been tracking the traces of implicit and explicit memories of fear in human. The study has been published in the journal Neurobiology of Learning and Memory and describes how in a context of fear, our brain differently encodes contextual memory of a negative event (the place, what we saw…) and emotional response associated.The study measures electrodermal activity of 86 individuals in a fearful generated in the laboratory and in a neutral context in which they have to learn a list of words. One week and two weeks after the experiment they are tested to see which words they remembered.

“In both contexts” explains Pau Packard, author of the study, “forgetting curve was normal. Over time they forgot all the words, the explicit trace. Moreover in the fearful context the electrodermal activity, the emotional implicit response, was exactly the same, much higher than in the neutral context.”

“In the traumatic events seems that over time there is a portion of memory that is erased or we do not have access, we forget the details but still maintaining the emotional reaction. The imprint is divided into two separate paths. The brain dissociates the explicit memory of a negative event from the emotional response.”

Read the Rest of this Article on Science Daily

Posted in Psych | Tagged , , ,

Cooking Classes May Positively Influence Kid’s Food-Related Preferences and Behaviors

[Source: Medical News Today]


Given the rise in childhood obesity and known cultural shifts away from cooking, a review of cooking programs targeting elementary school children was conducted to understand program design and outcomes and to inform research gaps. This review assesses the evidence on childhood cooking programs and their association with changes in food-related preferences, attitudes, and behaviors of school-aged children.

Researchers systematically searched PubMed, Ovid-Medline, and CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) databases. They included primary research articles that involved cooking education programs for children and searched reference lists for eligible articles. Studies considered for review contained a hands-on cooking intervention; had participants aged 5 to 12 years; were published in a peer-reviewed journal on or after January 1, 2003; and were written in English.

Findings suggest that cooking programs may positively influence children’s food-related preferences, attitudes, and behaviors. Researchers found that despite various differences in delivery, each program had a significant effect on one or more of its participants’ food-related preferences, attitudes, and behaviors, although this finding could be attributed to publication bias. In studies that measured it, children’s willingness to try fruits and

Read the Rest of this Article on Medical News Today

Posted in OT, SLP | Tagged , , ,

Parents Lead Effective Language Therapy for Kids with Autism

[Source:  Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry via Special Ed Post]

by Mandy Oaklander

parentsleadParents can learn how to give effective therapy to their children with autism, a new study in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry finds.

Researchers at Stanford University looked at a type of therapy called Pivotal Response Training (PRT), which is one the of the handful of treatments shown to be effective for kids on the autism spectrum, says Kari Berquist, PhD, study co-author and a clinical instructor in psychiatry and behavioral sciences and an autism clinician at Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital Stanford. The therapy focuses on improving kids’ motivation language skills by reinforcing their use of language related to the task at hand. One of the advantages is it can be done anywhere: anytime a child attempts to ask for something by name—a toy, say—they’d be rewarded with the item they requested, which reinforces their use of language.

Read the Rest of this Article on Special Ed Post

Posted in SLP | Tagged , , ,

School Board Certified Behavior Analyst Job – Wilmington, NC


Our client is a school district in Coastal North Carolina.  We are seeking a BOARD CERTIFIED BEHAVIOR ANALYST (BCBA) in the Wilmington, North Carolina area serving K-12.  The position is full time 7.5 hours per day and will run through the end of the school year starting immediately until June 11, 2015. The BCBA will work with students, staff and parents to develop behavior plans and monitor progress as well as be present at IEP meetings. 
Hourly pay between 40-44.00/hour Based on Experience and per diem status in accordance with IRS guidelines.  Medical Benefits are available. 

Qualifications: Current BCBA Master’s Degree in Behavior Analysis, Psychology, or Education School Experience

Apply for this Job Today!

Posted in Behavior Analyst | Tagged , , ,

Canadian Study: Rates of Mental Illness Steady in Children and Teens

mentalhealth[Source:  Psych Central]

A large study of Canadian youth discovers symptoms of mental illness in children and adolescents do not appear to be increasing.

The finding, as published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal), suggests a different mental health trajectory compared to some media reports.

“Popular media tends to perpetuate the idea that the prevalence of mental disorders is increasing,” writes Ian Colman, Ph.D., Canada Research Chair in Mental Health Epidemiology and associate professor at the University of Ottawa. ”However, research supporting this position has been inconsistent.”

Colman and colleagues sought to better understand whether symptoms of mental illness are increasing, specifically hyperactivity, aggression, depression and anxiety, suicidal thinking, and behavior.

Read the Rest of the Rest of this Article on Psych Central


Posted in Psych | Tagged , , ,