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ADHD and Sensory Processing

[Source:  Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics  via Your Therapy Source]
Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics published research on whether 20 children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at greater risk than 27 children without ADHD for problems with sensory processing.  In addition they investigated whether certain sensory systems were more closely associated with the core symptoms of ADHD, specifically inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity.
The researchers used the Sensory Processing Measure-Home Form and the Conners 3rd edition-Parent Short Form to assess each child.  The results indicated the following:

  1. children with ADHD exhibited more sensory processing problems on all scales of the Sensory Processing Measure with small to medium effect sizes observed
  2. for the children with ADHD, the Social Participation and Planning and Ideas subtests of the Sensory Processing Measure were significantly associated with hyperactivity/impulsivity, but not with inattention on the subtests of the Conners Parent Short Form.

Reference:  Beth Pfeiffer, Brian P. Daly, Elizabeth G. Nicholls, Dominic F. Gullo. Assessing Sensory Processing Problems in Children With and Without Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics.  Published online on April 8, 2014. (doi:10.3109/01942638.2014.904471)
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